Jerry W. Markham's A Financial History of the United States (3-volume set) PDF
By Jerry W. Markham
This entire monetary background of the us makes a speciality of the expansion and enlargement of banking, securities and assurance because the colonial interval. The ebook breaks down into sessions of frenzied hypothesis, quiet development, panics and livid growth.
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Additional resources for A Financial History of the United States (3-volume set) (1970-2001) From the Age of Derivatives to the New Millenium
The Securities Business Evolves The NYSE was incorporated in 1971. That action was taken in response to a recommendation by William McChesney Martin, who had just left his job as chairman of the Fed and was commissioned by the NYSE to conduct a study of its operations. The Pujo Committee had sought such action earlier in the century, but it was only when members faced potential liabilities during the paperwork crisis that incorporation became a significant issue for the NYSE. ”11 Recognizing that the markets were becoming more integrated, he thought that the NYSE, the COMMISSIONS AND SCANDALS 25 AMEX, and the regional exchanges should be linked.
By 1981, there would be $400 billion held in IRA accounts. COMMISSIONS AND SCANDALS 29 ERISA additionally sought to protect the beneficiaries of corporate pension funds. That legislation followed the failure of the Studebaker plant in South Bend, Indiana. Studebaker had neglected to fund the pension benefits of the employees in that plant adequately. Many retired workers received little despite many years of service and vested rights. ERISA sought to prevent such tragedies by requiring defined benefit plans to be fully funded for “vested” benefits.
That proved to be an accurate assessment. In 1975, the value of REIT holdings dropped some 80 percent. The assets held by the REITs plunged in value from about $420 billion in 1974 to $13 billion in 1978. Several REITs defaulted on their loans. Chase Manhattan’s REIT suffered large losses. Chase lost over $160 million from its real estate loans, and it became a large operator of real estate property as the result of foreclosures on property securing defaulted loans. The First National City Bank had to write off some 10 percent of the loans in its REIT portfolio.
A Financial History of the United States (3-volume set) (1970-2001) From the Age of Derivatives to the New Millenium by Jerry W. Markham